Spiders collection

Sudan covers a large area of eastern Africa and is of particular biogeographical interest for hosting a range of environments. There are: deserts in the north and west, rainforest and mountains in the south, the fertile Nile valley running through the middle, and part of the Red Sea coast on the eastern side.

The nature of  these regions is flat with some rocky hills, odd trees and shrubs. The climate is semi-arid with an average annual rainfall that provides a great habitat for spiders to live.

Uroctea sudanesis



Despite this size and habitat diversity of Sudan, its spider fauna remains rather poorly known. Spiders are the largest order of arachnids comprising more than 40,000 species all over the world. For a recent summary, including a historical review, see Dunlop & Siyam (2014). These authors listed 153 valid spider species for Sudan, in its traditional sense, based on the published literature. Following the political division of the country into the Republic of the Sudan and South Sudan, this translates into 113 and 59 species for these two countries respectively; a small number of taxa being common to both entities.

About 300 spider’s specimens were preserved in 80% alcohol. Pending the establishment of a formal working collection of Arachnidae in the Sudan Natural History Museum at the University of Khartoum, a project which Dr. Manal Siyam plans for the future, some specimens were deposited (with voucher) in the Museum für Naturkunde Berlin (MfN) under its traditional acronym ZMB (Zoologisches Museum Berlin) as a collaboration of Arachnidae collection between the two museums.


Pararaneus spector