Department of Zoology

Department of Zoology


The Department of Zoology is one of the most important institutions within the Faculty of Science at Khartoum University. The Faculty of Science itself was established in 1937 as a high school and added to The University College of Khartoum in 1951, which became the University of Khartoum in 1956. The Department of Zoology is committed to excellence in teaching and research, with undergraduategraduate, and research programs ranging from molecular to ecosystems. Our approach is integrative and comparative, with a focus on animal life.

The Department of Zoology has special admission requirements for the General and Honours degree and other prerequisite qualifications for the various postgraduate studies. The Department awards the following Degrees:-

  • The Honours Degree after 5 years of study (since 1960)
  • The Master Degree (since 1961)
  • The Ph.D. Degree (since 1963)

The first M. Sc. Degree awarded by U. of K. was to a Zoologist from the Zoology Department.

The Department performs multi-functions, satisfying teaching and research at both under and postgraduate levels. The Department is intensively involved in research and keeps itself as the resource institution with reputable teaching and research experiences. The yearly student population at the Department is 320 undergraduate and 42 graduate students for the year 2009 with 140 students graduating every year (B.Sc. Honours). The Department shoulders the load of teaching preliminary students of Medicine, Pharmacy and Dental colleges.

The Teaching Staff is composed of 2 Professors, 7 Associate Professors, 8 Assistant Professors, 4 Lecturers and 3 Teaching Assistants.  The Department employs 4 senior Technicians at present.

Undergraduate Programs

B.Sc. Honours in Zoology

Degree courses in Zoology are organised into modules and are taught by lectures, practical, field study, discussion groups and seminars. All modules are examined by course assessments and/or examinations. Additionally there may be examinations integrating practical and written material from the various modules.

A student majoring in zoology may specialize in animal behaviour, Aquatic Biology, Genetics and Molecular Biology, Parasitology, physiology, Embryology/developmental biology, ecology, Biochemistry and Entomology.
Recent graduation projects have included such diverse topics as: 'host vector specificity in sand flies', 'Use of Neem to eradicate Schistosomes' , ‘milk protein polymorphism in Sudanese  goats’, Goal-causing insect larvae on Muskeet trees'. Detailed examples are listed below.

Many of Zoology Honours students won Alshaheed Alzubair prize in biology, TWAS and other prizes for young scientists.

Graduate Programs

Graduate Study

The department offers work for the Master of Science and doctor of philosophy degrees. 
Students entering any graduate major or program in the department need a sound background in the biological, physical, and mathematical sciences and must be committed to research. 
Many of the graduate students in the department are in interdepartmental graduate majors or interdepartmental graduate programs, such as: Ecology and Evolutionary Biology; Bioinformatics and Computational Biology, Immunobiology; Genetics; Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology and Parasitology.
All graduate students participate in a journal club seminar and a research seminar in their area of interest each academic year. 
The group structure is flexible and specifically designed to enable and promote collaborative multidisciplinary research within the Department, the University, and both nationally and internationally. As a consequence in the last 5 years the Department has welcomed a number of international research visitors to the Department and have much collaboration with laboratories abroad. The multidisciplinary vitality and thrust is reinforced through organized research student talks, group seminars and Departmental journal club talks, many with outside speakers. Interactions are also promoted by a communal tea room, social gatherings, students' Zoology exhibitions and by an annual Departmental external examiner’s party.

Short Courses and Certificates:

The Department offers short training courses and certificates (1-2 months) in all disciplines (mentioned below) for local, regional and international graduate students.

Higher Diploma

The Department of Zoology offers Higher Diplomas in the following fields:

1.   Diploma in Genetics and Molecular Biology

2.   Diploma in Fish Technology

3.   Diploma in General Zoology

4.   Proposed Diploma in Public Health Entomology

Master Degree by Research:

The M.Sc. degree is awarded by research in the following specializations in Zoology:

Amphibians and Reptiles, Animal Behaviour, Animal Systematics, Biochemistry, Biodiversity, Bioethics, Bioinformatics, Biotechnology, Ecology, Embryology, Entomology, Fisheries, Genetics, Immunology, Marine and Freshwater Biology, Medical Entomology, Molecular Biology, Ornithology, Parasitology, Physiology and Wild Life.

Master Degree by Courses and Research:

The M.Sc. degree is awarded by courses and research in the following specializations:

1.   M. Sc. in Genetics and Molecular Biology

2.   M. Sc. in Medical Entomology and Vector Control

The M. Sc. in Medical Entomology and Vector Control is a good example of collaboration between Zoology Department, Federal Ministry of Health and WHO. The Degree was started in 1981 and continues till now. The Degree attracted many regional and international students.

Details of the MSc.


medical entomology2.pdf

Doctor of Philosophy:

The degree is awarded by research only in Zoology in the following specializations:

Amphibians and Reptiles, Animal Behaviour, Animal Systematics, Biochemistry, Biodiversity, Bioethics, Bioinformatics, Biotechnology, Ecology, Embryology, Entomology, Fisheries, Genetics, Immunology, Marine and Freshwater Biology, Medical Entomology, Molecular Biology, Ornithology, Parasitology, Physiology and Wild Life.

Doctor of Science (D. Sc.):

The Department awards the degree of Doctor of Science (D.Sc) for holders of Ph.D. and Candidates must have been awarded their first degree not less than ten years and must have been a member or student of U of K for at least four years.

Accommodation for Graduate Students:

Faculty of Graduate Studies offers accommodation for graduate students at a cost.


Staff at the Zoology Department currently hold research grants that include  grants from the Wellcome Trust, the TDR in  Research capacity building, a WHO grant "Molecular Biology of Schisto", and many local  grants for research in  Tribolium,TermitesMosquitoes, Fishes,and Leishmania.

Library and Reference Materials:

The Department has its own library it is housing over 3,000 books and current issues of life-science journals. The Department also has a computer and internet facilities. University of Khartoum offers wireless and local area internet connections free of charge.


In addition to two general purpose laboratories and two photographic laboratories there are the following specialized laboratories:

Fish laboratory, Physiology laboratory, Ecology laboratory, Entomology laboratory, Parasitology laboratory, Genetics and Molecular biology laboratory, Histology laboratory, Marine biology Laboratory and an Electron Microscopy Unit

Bilharzia Laboratory

The Department has a specialized laboratory for Bilharzia research.

Leishmania Laboratory

The Department has a specialized laboratory for Leishmania research, supported by a TDR capacity building Grant.

Electron Microscopy Unit The EM unit serves students and researchers from all

Genetics and Molecular Biology Laboratory:

Apart from traditional genetics research covering areas of animal cell karyotyping and characterization of allozymes as genetic markers, the Department is intensively involved in research areas covering endemic diseases like Malaria, Kalazar, Bilharzia, and River Blindness. Department of Zoology has established a Genetics and Molecular Biology Laboratory. The introduction of new interdisciplinary Zoology degrees with Genetics and Molecular Biology options, and the restructuring programme in both the curriculum and content, serves not only the Zoology Department, but other institutions, especially new states universities.

Centre of Excellence

The Centre of Excellence for Cellular, Molecular and immunological studies is selected by the Ministry of Higher Education and Research in 2008.

Animal House and Insectary:

The Department has Animal House and Insectary

Off Campus Facilities:

Affiliated to the Department are:

  1. 1. Sudan Natural History Museum

The Museum houses one of the oldest insect collections.

  1. 2. Marine Research Laboratory in Suakin, Red Sea

The station in Suakin, Red Sea serves researchers and the public at large.

  1. 3. Facility/Instrumentation

The Zoology Department occupies a two-floor Building where 6 teaching laboratories include research quality instruments such as:

DNA analysis equipment, electron and phase-contrast microscopes, centrifuges, networked computers. The varied countryside covered during field work provides ample opportunity for ecological field work. We also have facilities for work on in aquaria.

  • Electron Microscope
  • Microscopes with digital cameras
  • Gel documentation centre
  • Perkin-Elmer thermal cyclers for PCR
  • DNA electrophoresis chambers
  • Protein electrophoresis chambers
  • Microcentrifuges
  • Serological centrifuges
  • -40 C ultra low freezer
  • Carbon dioxide incubators
  • Laminar flow hoods
  • Analytical balances
  • Milli-Q reagent grade water
  • Hamilton syringes
  • PCR dedicated equipment
  • DNA analysis computer programs
  • Internet computer connection
  • Field/ lab photographic equipments, digital cameras, binoculars, etc

For a list of current teaching staff and their specialities, please go

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